|Intervention of Out of School Children (OSC)|
The OSC intervention is still hard for volunteers to get OSC back to school and maintain them. Based on the overall of volunteers’ reports, 276 children (131 girls) identified as new OSC during this past year. Although, there were only 74 OSC (41 girls) coming to join reading club activity and tutoring class with YS volunteers and also registered back to schools. The OSC is still the biggest challenge for volunteers because many children are more likely going to work or immigrate with their parents for work, and in addition, some of our volunteer placements, the geographical sector is a main barrier for children accessing to schools.
The torturing classes are conducted by volunteers including Khmer, English, and Math. The methodologies of learning are dictation, reading the words, review the lesson, count the number, and play a game related to the lesson. Moreover, they also have training classes for small teachers and then they can teach their members. The students are grade 1-9 (age 6-17). As the data showed, volunteers can provide at least 3 tutoring classes per commune during their everyday schedule. Some classes were taught by their small teachers. Also, they can encourage slow learners and OSC to attend their tutoring classes. In 2018, Youth Star volunteers and small teachers were running 170 tutoring classes with 3,564 students (2,152F) in our 3 targeted provinces. Amongst those 546 (223 girls) are slow learners and 157 (72 girls) are OSC. The progression of more engagement of youth club members in promoting quality of education resulted in 2008 small teachers who were willing and able to facilitate tutoring classes for younger children. “Youth Star volunteers and their youth club contributed to reduced drop-out rate in my school from 2% in 2016-2017 to 1% in 2017-2018”, Director of Takeo Primary School in Prey Veng province. “After existing of volunteers in the community, I noticed that most of the students are improved, especially they are well-educated”, Thai Sophat, Youth Star Local Partner.
The backpack mobile library still conducting normally as volunteers has planned in each month (An average 8 times per month per placement). They clearly separated their youth club members and facilitators to do the session in their targeted villages. The outcome is quite positive. As their observation, many children have improved their reading skills and build up a habit of reading books, they also appear to have more confidence and are able to tell stories to their friends, Youth Star currently has 54 reading groups with 442 facilitators (361F), and they conducted reading activity 2,113 times with 4,831 readers (3,764F) within this past six months.
|Youth Club Operation|
18 existing Youth Clubs with 523 members (380F) are operating in our volunteers’ placements and 11 of them officially recognized as CBOs. Mostly, they are from grade 4-9. The clubs have been involving in many activities in their community which led or facilitated by volunteers such as awareness campaigns (school enrolment, child right, migration, environment cleanup, fundraising, school and community sanitation, and hygiene), home visit, sport, and especially organizing reading promotion activity and tutoring classes. 11 youth clubs profiles are developing with Vision, mission and role of their club members. Some of youth clubs already have their own logo, uniform and continue to develop. The children/youth clubs members are becoming a positive role model and change maker (small teacher) to improve the behavior change of other younger children and youth, and at the same time they can improve their leadership skills, helped their peers who are slow learners or Out of School Children in their own community. Ms. Kheng Mom (Pralay commune) said that “I am so happy to see my daughter being a children club member, because she changes a lot such as study hard, be courageous, well-mannered which contrast to before that I need to tell her every day to bring book, pen and do homework”.
|Community Mobilization and awareness campaign|
Community people take ownership and shared the resources they have or available to support youth club activities. For example, they shared the spot of their land to build youth club office building, and others shared the place of their house for tutoring class and reading place, the monks and commune councilors also shared money to support the club. 2 community-libraries have been constructed and operated with support from the school, community. In 2018, 23 community awareness campaigns conducted by Youth Star volunteers and youth clubs supported by community and school. Those are mostly about School Enrolment, Child’s Rights, Reading Promotion, Environment, and Migration. The overall participants are 2,579 (894 women) who are school principals, monks, Ajar, children, teachers, parents, local councilors, police chief/representative, and village chiefs.
There were 19 volunteers who finished their service in 2018, and all of them got employed in different sectors (5 private sectors, 11 NGO, 1 own business).
20 new volunteers with 12 women successfully recruited and placed in communities in 2018. The increasing female proportion of volunteers, from 50% (20/10) in 2017 to 60% (20/12) in 2018, has been very rewarding.